From the New Orleans Picayune of September 9th, 1850:
At a recent meeting of Irishmen in New York, among other matters, it was Resolved, that any person who thence shall toast or drink the health of Victoria – the Queen of the English – merits and shall receive, socially and politically, the disfavor and contempt of every Irishman.
From the American Flag (Matamoros, Mexico) May 26th, 1847
Moustached men, rejoice! A writer in the London Naval and Military Gazette contends that moustaches act as part of the respiratory organs, sift and purify the atmosphere before it reaches the lungs, and are, consequently preservative against consumption.
I really don’t know what to make of this gobbet, published in the American Flag, the newspaper of Matamoros in the 1840s on February 13th, 1847:
Q. Where was the Cradle of Liberty first seen?
A. On the Rock of Plymouth.
Q. Who rocked the cradled?
A. The Pilgrim Fathers.
Q. Why did they rock the cradle?
A. To put the infant Liberty to sleep, whist they put the Quakers to death.
As a side project, C and I are trying to put together a curated New York City walk. We’re starting with a public health theme, centered on the story of “typhoid” Mary Mallon, perhaps the most famous silent carrier in American history. It’s easy to see epidemics like typhoid as urban problems, and many health experts throughout history have prescribed a clean air rest cure exactly because the close, airless conditions that are common in cities were thought to be insalubrious. (An aside, at a recent talk at NYU David Oshinsky argued that Roosevelt’s polio might be traced to just such a proscription for clean air. Oshinsky thinks that stress from Congressional hearings about gays in the Navy combined with a vacation that featured vigorous outdoor activity and swimming in the Bay of Fundy made Roosevelt particularly susceptible to the polio virus, which he might have picked up while visiting a boyscout jamboree in 1921.) I came across another counterexample while looking for an organic dairy that would deliver near where I live. In 1894, the New York Times reported a “local epidemic of typhoid fever in Montclair, NJ” that was traced to a Verona milkman named G.W. Gould. There’s no particular revelation here – typhoid can be spread through a number of media and food was historically one of the most common.
Having recently re-worked my statement of teaching philosophy – in which I lay a great deal of emphasis on encouraging students to think of history in terms of human consequences rather than a litany of facts, this article on the Montclair typhoid epidemic served as a nice reminder of the ways in which academic history can intersect in unexpected ways with “real” life – and reminds me how much I want to destabilize the model that deliniates between life in the ivory tower and everything outside of it. The “service learning” concept, which is used by some colleges to encourage their students to “not only learn the practical applications of their studies, [but also to] become actively contributing citizens and community members through the service they perform,” satisfies this need admirably.
From the Dublin Nation of October 17th, 1846:
“On the whole, we advise the Irish people by no means to rely on government officials, or government relief, and especially to fear and distrust mere Political Economists.”
Nineteenth-century headlines are occasionally wonderfully understated. Take “Conflict between a man and a Wolf” published in the Cherokee Advocate of December 9th, 1847.
There’s almost never a “dear diary, here’s how I feel about [Anelise’s dissertation topic]” source, but its nice to find things that come close:
Returns are still coming in from all parts of the country, showing that the spirit of benevolence is as general as the information (thanks to the American newspaper press,) respecting the distress of our transatlantic brethren. New York Herald, March 11th, 1847
The New York newspapers in late 1846/early 1847 seem very interested in the case of the “female Lothario in Canada,” a woman who dressed like a man in order to seduce women. The New York Herald comments that “there is something strange and romantic about the practice of two ladies making love to each other.”
From the Arkansas Intelligencer of February 21, 1846:
“England and Scotland for ages were rival kingdoms, inhabited by distinct tribes of men, the former loyal to the sovering and the latter ready upon all occasions to quarrel with power and war with unkilted neighbors.”
It’s true: the kilts made all the difference.
From the Choctaw Intelligencer of February 12th, 1851:
You may make a horse follow you in ten minutes. Go to the horse, rub his face, jaw and chin, leading him about, saying to him, come along, a constant tone is necessary. By taking him away from other persons and horses, repeat the leading and stopping. Sometimes turn him around, and all ways keep his attention by saying, come along. With some horses, it is important to whisper to them, as it hides the secret and gentles the horse, you may use any word you please, but be constant in your tone of voice. The same will cause all horses to follow.
This, in a paper which advertises a remarkable number of horse thefts.